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Troy Meadows Plant Lists

L. Fariello - 1974  red dot  P. Cooney - 2000-2001

Flowering Herbs and Grasses - and Fruit and Berry Trees
Known to Exist at Troy Meadows

Observations, Study, and Report by:
Leonardo A. Fariello
1974
Time of Observations and Study:
Spring, Summer, and Fall
= non-native plants

Flowering Herbs - Primary Study off of Troy Meadows Road
(fields and meadows near the junction of Troy Brook and West Brook)

Agrimony Agrimonia gryposepala
Alfalfa, Lucerne Medicago sativa •
Alsike Clover Trifolium hybridum •
Aster Aster (many species)
Birdfoot Trefoil Lotus corniculatus •
Black-Eyed Susan, Yellow Coneflower Rudbeckia hirta
Blackberries, Brambles Rubus
Blasing Star Liatris spicata
Blue Vervains, Blue Verbena Verbena hastate
Bluecurls Trichostema dichotomum
Boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum
Broad Dock Rumex obtusifolium •
Butter-And-Eggs, Toadflax Linaria vulgaris •
Butterflyweed Asclepias tuberosa
Canada Mayflower, Wild Lily-Of-The-Valley Maianthemum canadense
Cardinal-Flower Lobilia Lobelia cadinalis
Chickory Cichorium intybus •
Cinqufoil Potentilla simplex, P. canadensis
Common Plantain Plantago major •
Common Ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Curled Dock Rumex crispus •
Cut-Leaved Water Horehound Lycopus americanus
Dandelion Taraxacum officinale •
Deptford Pink Dianthus armeria •
Evening Primrose Oenothera biennis
Fleabane Daisy Erigeron annuus
Four-Leaved Milkweed Asclepias quadrifolia
Fringed Gentian Gentiana cinita
Golden Rod Solidago (many species)
Great Lobilia Lobelia siphilitica
Great Mullein Verbascum thapsus •
Heal-All, Selfheal Prunella vulgaris •
Indian-Tobacco Lobilia Lobelia inflata
Jewelweed, Spotted Touch-Me-Not Impatiens capensis
Joe-Pye-Weed Eupatorium purpureum
Maiden Pink Dianthus deltoides •
May Apple, Mandrake Podophyllum peltatum
Meadow Rue Thalictrum polygamum
Milkweed Asclepias syriaca
Moth Mullein Verbascum blattaria •
Narrow-Leaf Mountain-Mint Pycnanthemum tenuifolium
Narrow-Leaved Plantain Plantago lanceolata •
Nightshade Solanum dulcamara •
Ox-Eye Daisy Chrysanthemum leucanthemum •
Pearly Everlasting Anaphalis margaritacea
Penstemon, Beardtongue Penstemon
Pink Smartweed Polygonum lapathifolium
Poke, Pokeweed Phytolacca americana
Purple Gerardia Gerardia purpurea
Purple Loosestrife, Spiked Loosestrife Lythrum salicaria •
Queen Ann's Lace, Wild Carrot Daucus carota •
Rabbit's-Foot Clover Trifolium arvense •
Red Clover Trifolium pratense •
Roughed-Leaved Purple Aster Aster radula
Short-Toothed Mountain-Mint Pycnanthemum muticum
Small White Aster Aster vimineus
Square-Stemmed Monkey-Flower Mimulus ringens
Steeplebush, Hardback Spiraea tomentosa
Stinging Nettle Urtica dioica •
Thistle Cirsium arvense •, C. discolor, C. muticum
Tick-Trefoil, Beggarweed Desmodium canadense, D. glutinosum
Virginia Mountain-Mint Pycnanthemum virginiana
Water Cress Nasturtium officinale
White Clover Trifolium repens •
White Snakeroot Eupatorium rugosum
White Sweet Clover Melilotus alba •
Wild Day Lily Hemerocallis fuiva •
Wild Garlic Allium canadense
Wild Heath Aster Aster pilosus
Wild Mint Mentha arvensis
Wild Rose Rosa blanda
Wild Strawberry Fragaria virginiana
Wild Yellow Lily, Canada Lily Lilium canadense
Yarrow, Milfoil Achillea millefolium •
Yellow Wood Sorrel Oxalis montana, O. stricta

Plants of the Swamp:

Cattail Typha angustifolia
Cow Lily, Spatterdock Nuphar advena
Duckweed Spirodela polyrhiza
Green Arrow Arum Peltandra virginica
Jack-In-The-Pulpit Arisaema
Morning Glory Ipomoea
Pickerel Weed Pontederia cordata
Pink Smartweed Polygonuin lapathifolium
Pond weed Potainogeton (different species)
Reed Grass Phragmites communis
Skunk Cabbage Syinpiocarpus foetidus
Sticktight, Beggar-Ticks Bidens frondosa
Tearthumb, Tickleweed Polygonum sagittatuin, P. arifoliuin
Water Smartweed Polygonuin ainphibium
Water-Hemlock Cicuta maculata
Wild Rose Rosa

Grasses:

Barnyard Grass Echinochloa crus-galli
Chufa, Nut Grass Cyperus esculentus
Crab Grass Digitaria sanguinalis
Foxtail Millet Setaria italica
Peppergrass, Poor-Man's-Pepper Lepidium (several species)
Timothy Grass Phleum pratense
Wild Rice Zizania aquatica
Yellow Foxtail Grass Setaria glanca

Fruit And Berry Trees:

Alternate-Leaved Dogwood Cornus alternifolia
Apple Tree Pyrus malus
Arrowwood Viburnum dentatum
Black Berried Elder Sambucus (two species)
Chock Cherry Prunus virginiana
Wild Black Cherry Prunus serotina
(Paulownia Tree)  

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Dr. Patrick L. Cooney - http://nynjctbotany.org/
Dates = dates when plants found in bloom

Ferns and Fern Allies:

Equisetum arvense Field Horsetail
Onoclea sensibilis Sensitive Fern
Thelypteris palustris Marsh Fern

Herbs:

Achillea millefolium Yarrow
Agalinis Purpurea Purple Gerardia 9/04/01
Alliaria petiolata Garlic Mustard 4/27/00
Allium vineale Field Garlic
Allium tricoccum Ramps
Ambrosia Artemisiifolia Common Ragweed 9/04/01
Apocynum cannabinum Indian Hemp
Artemisia vulgaris Common Mugwort 9/04/01
Asclepias syriaca Common Milkweed
Aster sp. Another Damn Little White Aster 9/04/01
Barbarea vulgaris Common Wintercress 4/27/00
Bidens cernua Nodding Bur Marigold 9/04/01
Boehmeria cylindrica False Nettle
Cichorium intybus Chicory 9/04/01
Cicuta maculata Water Hemlock
Circaea lutetiana Enchanter's Nightshade
Cirsium vulgare Thistle 9/04/01
Claytonia virginica Spring Beauty 4/27/00
Daucus carota Queen Anne's Lace 9/04/01
Desmodium paniculatum Panicled Tick Trefoil 9/04/01
Erechtites hieraciifolia Pileweed 9/04/01
Eupatorium rugosum White Snakeroot 9/04/01
Euphorbia nutans Upright Spurge 9/04/01
Geum sp. Avens
Glechoma Hederacea Gill-over-the-ground 4/27/00
Heteranthera sp. Mud Plantain
Hypericum mutilum Dwarf St. Johnswort 9/04/01
Impatiens capensis Orange Jewelweed 9/04/01
Iris sp. Yellow Iris Probably
Lemna sp. Duckweed
Lespedeza Cuneata Chinese Bush Clover 9/04/01
Lindernia dubia False Pimpernel 9/04/01
Lotus corniculatus Birdfoot Trefoil 9/04/01
Ludwigia palustris Water Purslane
Lycopus sp. Water Horehound 9/04/01
Lythrum salicaria Purple Loosestrife 9/04/01
Matricaria matricarioides Pineapple Weed 9/04/01
Mentha arvensis Wild Mint 9/04/01
Mollugo verticillata Carpetweed 9/04/01
Myosotis sp. Forget-me-not
Nymphaea Odorata Fragrant White Water Lily
Oxalis sp. Yellow Wood Sorrel 9/04/01
Peltandra virginica Arrow Arum
Penstemon sp. Beard Tongue
Penthorum sedoides Ditch Stonecrop
Pilea pumila Clearweed
Plantago Lanceolata English Plantain 9/04/01
Polygonum arifolium Halberd-leaved Tearthumb 9/04/01
Polygonum cespitosum Cespitose Smartweed 9/04/01
Polygonum hydropiper Water Pepper 9/04/01
Polygonum hydropiperoides Mild Water Pepper 9/04/01
Polygonum pensylvanicum Pink Smartweed 9/04/01
Polygonum sagittatum Arrowhead Tearthumb 9/04/01
Polygonum virginianum Virginia Knotweed 9/04/01
Pontederia cordata Pickerel Weed 9/04/01
Portulaca oleracea Common Purslane 9/04/01
Potentilla canadensis Dwarf Cinquefoil
Potentilla simplex Common Cinquefoil
Pycnanthemum virginianum Virginia Mountain Mint
Ranunculus Creeping Butter Cup
Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima Black-eyed Susan 9/04/01
Rumex crispus Curled Dock
Sagittaria sp. Arrowhead
Scutellaria Lateriflora Maddog Skullcap 9/04/01
Solanum carolinense Horse Nettle 9/04/01
Stellaria media Common Chickweed 4/27/00
Symplocarpus foetidus Skunk Cabbage
Taraxacum officinale Dandelion 4/27/00 9/04/01
Trifolium pratense Red Clover
Trifolium repens White Clover 9/04/01
Typha latifolia Broad-leaved Cattail
Urtica dioica v. dioica Stinging Nettle 9/04/01
Urtica dioica v. procera Tall Stinging Nettle 9/04/01
Verbascum thapsus Common Mullein
Verbena hastata Blue Vervain 9/04/01
Verbena urticifolia White Vervain 9/04/01
Viola sororia Common Blue Violet 4/27/00

Grasses:

Anthoxanthum odoratum Sweet Vernal grass
Cinna arundinacea Wood Reed Grass
Dactylis glomerata Orchard Grass
Echinochloa crus-galli Barnyard Grass
Elymus sp. Wild Rye grass
Eragrostis pectinacea Carolina Love Grass
Leersia oryzoides Rice Cut Grass
Microstegium vimineum Japanese Stilt Grass
Panicum clandestinum Deer-tongue Grass
Panicum dichotomiflorum Panic Grass
Phleum pratense Timothy Grass
Phalaris arundinacea Reed Canary Grass
Phragmites australis Giant Reed Grass
Poa bulbosa Bulbous Bluegrass
Setaria faberi Nodding Foxtail Grass
Setaria glauca Yellow Foxtail Grass
Tridens flavus Purple Top Grass

Rushes:

Juncus effusus Soft Rush
Juncus tenuis Path Rush

Sedges:

Carex crinita Sedge
Carex Laxiflora type Sedge
Carex Lurida Sallow Sedge
Carex pensylvanica Pennsylvania Sedge 4/27/00
Carex spp. Sedges
Carex Stricta Tussock Sedge 4/27/00
Cyperus esculentus or strigosus Nut or Umbrella Sedge
Cyperus sp. Flat Sedge
Eleocharis sp. Spike Rush
Scirpus atrovirens Dark-green Bulrush
Scirpus cyperinus Woolly Grass Bulrush

Shrubs:

Alnus serrulata Smooth Alder
Berberis thunbergii Japanese Barberry 4/27/00
Cephalanthus occidentalis Buttonbush
Cornus Amomum Swamp Dogwood
Cornus racemosa Gray Dogwood
Ilex verticillata Winterberry Holly
Lindera benzoin Spicebush 4/27/00
Lonicera japonica Japanese Honeysuckle
Rosa multiflora Multiflora Rose
Rosa palustris Swamp Rose
Rubus sp. Blackberry
Spiraea Tomentosa Steeplebush
Vaccinium Corymbosum Highbush Blueberry 4/27/00
Viburnum dentatum Smooth Arrowwood Viburnum
Viburnum lentago Nannyberry Viburnum
Viburnum prunifolium Blackhaw Viburnum

Trees:

Acer negundo Boxelder Maple
Acer rubrum Red Maple
Acer saccharinum Silver Maple
Ailanthus altissima Tree of Heaven
Betula populifolia Gray Birch
Carya ovata Shagbark Hickory
Catalpa speciosa Catalpa
Cornus Florida Flowering Dogwood 4/27/00
Crataegus sp. Hawthorn
Fagus Grandifolia American Beech
Fraxinus americana White Ash
Fraxinus pensylvanica Red Ash
Juglans nigra Black Walnut
Juniperus virginiana Red Cedar
Liquidambar styraciflua Sweetgum
Nyssa Sylvatica Tupelo
Pinus Strobus White Pine
Prunus serotina Black Cherry
Pyrus malus Apple 4/27/00
Quercus bicolor Swamp White Oak
Quercus palustris Pin Oak 4/27/00
Salix nigra Black Willow
Ulmus americana American Elm

Vines:

Amphicarpaea bracteata Hog Peanut
Cuscuta sp. Dodder 9/04/01
Lonicera japonica Japanese Honeysuckle
Mikania scandens Climbing False Buckwheat 9/04/01
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia Creeper
Toxicodendron radicans Poison Ivy
Vitis labrusca Fox Grape